Acrylic Painting - Three Color (Level 3)

Goals and Objectives

  1. To create a finished acrylic painting on canvas from a collage or photo
  2. To understand color on a deeper level by limiting the number of colors that can be used
  3. To utilize the essence of chance in art

Step by Step

  1. students begin cutting out photos from a random magazine assortment - not worrying about
  2. students put together their collage - should be 8x10 size and/or proportions
  3. demo and discuss the color chart (pdf upon request)
  4. students begin working on and completing color chart, focusing on mixing of tints and "in-between" hues - can ONLY use three colors, two of which much be complementary (for example: yellow, purple, and orange or blue, orange, and yellow)
  5. students begin getting grid on collage and on canvas
  6. once drawing on canvas is finished, erase grid lines
  7. students mix two darkest hues together and paint over drawing so that all pencil lines are covered
  8. students break canvas in to three "color field" areas and thin out each of their three hues with water and paint on canvas (glaze) to create three approximately equal portioned areas of color; paint thinned out color over dark lines - color should be thin enough so as to not obscure dark lines
  9. students take opaque white acrylic paint and paint over all but the darkest parts of their canvas -  approximately 70-80% of canvas - but they should NOT paint over their white lines
  10. students glaze their canvas again; each color goes in the same place as before
  11. after step 10, there should now be two values of each color visible - where no white was painted it should be darker than the glaze over one layer of white
  12. students take opaque white acrylic paint and paint over all of the lightest areas of the canvas - approximately 15-25% of canvas - but they should NOT paint over their white lines
  13. students glaze their canvas again; each color goes in the same place as before
  14. after step 13, there should now be three values of each color visible - where no white has been placed should be darkest, and each layer of white in between the layers of glaze makes that layer of glazing lighter
  15. demo and discuss beginnings of mixing
  16. students begin to get all colors in all places by mixing two colors and white together at a time
  17. students mix adjacent colors together and place them in each area - for example, mix different portions of color 1 and color 2 together and paint those mixes in the color 1 and color 2 areas only, then students mix color 2 and color 3 together and paint in the color 2 and color 3 areas only; then students mix color 3 and color 1 together and paint those mixes in the color 3 and color 1 areas only
  18. this allows them to see what layering of different opacities of paint, and a wide range of color mixing allows them to achieve
  19. students begin "painting" towards final with teacher stressing the importance of odd color mixes in peculiar places

 

Materials

  • magazines
  • printer paper for collages
  • rubber cement, scotch tape, and/or glue stick
  • scissors
  • Grid Art Tool Kit + copies of the grids for student use
  • 16" x 20" Canvas (linked below)
  • acrylic brushes
  • acrylic paint
  • acrylic color chart (available upon request)
  • palette (linked below)
  • water jar and paper towels

 

Timeline

  • This project typically takes approximately twenty-two 90 minute class sessions

 

If you would like digital copies of the color chart, student examples, or grid copies please email forgeronstudios@gmail.com with your request.

 

Note: This project is all about color mixing and forcing students to recognize that they colors in their collage/photo cannot be duplicated (for the most part); they are uncomfortable with this as it is different than they are used to; for Level 3 students this is a slightly harder repeat of the Acrylic Painting they did in Level 2; they should really really focus on what adding white to those different mixtures does to the color changes; they are NOT allowed to mix all three colors together; they are NOT allowed to mix white and black together in the same mix
The above factors and sequence of steps significantly increases what they are able to do with paint and color.


Some select supplies can be found with the below links: